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Última revisão: 29/03/2011

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Reproduzido de:

CADERNOS DE ATENÇÃO BÁSICA Nº 15 – HIPERTENSÃO ARTERIAL SISTÊMICA [Link Livre para o Documento Original]

MINISTÉRIO DA SAÚDE

Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde

Departamento de Atenção Básica

Série Cadernos de Atenção Básica – Série A. Normas e Manuais Técnicos

BRASÍLIA / DF – 2006

 

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS CITADAS NO TEXTO

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32. UK Prospective Diabete Study Group. Efficacy of atenolol and captopril in reducing risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications in type 2 diabete. UKPDS 39. BMJ, 1998; 317: 713–20.

33. Blood Pressure Lowering Trialist’s Collaboration. Effects of ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists and other blood-pressure-lowering drugs: results of prospectively designed overviews of randomized trials. Lancet, 2000; 356: 1955–64.

34. Hansson L, Lindholm, Niskanen L et al. Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition compared with conventional therapy on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality on hypertension: the Captopril Prevention Project (CAPPP) randomized trial. Lancet, 1999; 353:611–6.

35. The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study Investigators. Effects of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ramipril on cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med, 2000; 342: 145–53.

36. PROGRESS Collaborative Group. Randomized Trial of a perindopril-based-blood pressure-lowering regimen among 6,105 individuals with previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack. Lancet, 2001; 35: 1033–41.

37. Hansson L, Lindholm LH, Ekborn T et al. Randomized trial of old and new antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. The Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension-2 study. Lancet, 1999; 34: 1129–33.

38. Dahlof B, Devereux R; Kjeldsen S, et al. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the losartan intervention for endpoint reduction in hypertension study (LIFE): a randomized trial against atenolol. Lancet, 2002, 359:995–1003.

39. Lindholm LH, Ibsen H, Dahlof B et al. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with diabete in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study (LIFE): a randomized trial against atenolol. Lancet, 2002; 359: 1004–10.

40. Stassen JÁ, Fagard R, Thijs L. Randomized double-blind comparison of placebo and active treatment for older patients with isolated systolic hypertension. The Systolic hypertension in Europe (SYST–EUR). Lancet, 1997; 350:757–64.

41. Brown MJ, Palmer CR, Castaigne A et al. Morbidity and mortality in patients randomized to doubleblind treatment with long-acting calcium-channel blocker or diuretic in the International Nifedipine GITS study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT). Lancet, 2000; 356: 366–72.

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45. Brenner BM, Cooper ME, Zeeuw D. Effects of losartan on renal and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabete and nephropathy N Engl J Med, 2001; 345:861–9.

46. The ALLHAT Officers and Coordinators for the ALLHAT Collaborative Reserach Group. Major cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients randomized to doxazosin vs chlorthalidone. The Antihypertensive and Lipid- LoweringTreatment to prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). JAMA, 2000; 283: 1967–75.

47. Pahor M, Psaty BM, Alderman MH et al. Health outcomes associated with calcium antagonists compared with other first-line antihypertensive therapies: a meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. Lancet, 2000; 356: 1949–54.

48. Flatcher MD, Yussuf S, Kober L et al for the ACE-Inhibitor Myocardial Infarction Collaborative Group. Long term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients. Lancet, 2000; 355: 1575–81.

49. Garg R, Yussuf S. Colaborative Group on ACE-inhibitor Trials. Overview of randomized trials of angiotensinconverting enzyme inhibitors on mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure. JAMA, 1995; 273: 1450–6.

50. Syst-Eur Trial Investigators. Randomized double-blind comparison of placebo and active treatment for older patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Lancet, 1997; 350: 757–64.

51. Cohn JN, Ziesche S, Smith R, Anad I, Dunkman WB, Loeb H, Cintron G, Boden W, Baruch L, Rochin P, Loss L. Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT) Study Group. Effect of calcium antagonist felodipine as supplementary vasodilator therapy in patients with chronic heart failure treated with enalapril: V-HeFT III. Circulation, 1997; 96:856–63.

52. Packer M, Bristow MR, Cohn JN, Colucci WS, Fowler MB, Gilbert EM, Shusterman NH. US Carvedilol Heart failure Study Group. The effect of carvedilol on morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. N Engl J Med, 1996; 334: 1349–55.

53. Hjalmarson A, Goldstein S, Fagerberg B, Wedel H Waagstein F, Kjekshus J, Wikstrand J. MERIT-HF Study Group. Effects of controlled-release metoprolol on total mortality, hospitalizations, and wellbeing in patients with heart failure. The Metoprolol CR/XL Randomized Intervention Trial in Congestive Heart Failure (MERITHF). JAMA, 2000; 283: 1295–302.

54. Pitt B, Zannad F, Remme WJ, Cody R, Castaigne A, Perez A, Palensky J, Wittes J. Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study Investigators. The effect of spironolactone on morbidity and mortality with severe heart failure. N Engl J Med, 1999; 341: 709–17.

55. Verdecchia P, Schillaci G, Borgioni C, Ciucci A, Gattobigio R, Zampi I, Reboldi G, Porcellati C. Prognostic significance of serial changes in left ventricular mass in essential hypertension. Circulation, 1998; 97(1): 48–54.

56. Vasan RS, Larson MG, Leip EP et al. Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med, 2001; 345: 1291–7.

57. The trials of Hypertension Prevention Collaborative Research Group. The effects of nonpharmacologic interventions on blood pressure of persons with high normal levels. Results of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention. Phase I. JAMA; 1992; 267: 1213–20.

58. III Diretrizes Brasileiras sobre Dislipidemias e Prevenção da Aterosclerose do Departamento de Aterosclerose da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia. Arq Bras Cardiol, 2001; 77(supl III): 1–48.

59. Lindholm LH, Carlberg B, Samuelsson O. Should _ blockers remain first choice in the treatment of primary hypertension? A meta-analysis. Lancet 2005; 366: 1545–53.

60. Casas JP, Chua W, Loukogeorgakis S, Vallance P, Smeeth L, Hingorani AD, MacAllister RJ. Effect of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system and other antihypertensive drugs on renal outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet, 2005;366:2026-33.

 

REFERÊNCIAS COMPLEMENTARES

1.   World Health Organization. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Fifty-seventh World Health Assembly. WHA 57 170.

2.   Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Assistência à Saúde. Coordenação Geral da Política de Alimentação e Nutrição. Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira, 2005. Disponível em <www.saude/alimentacaoenutricao/documentos>. Acesso em 3 de novembro de 2005.

3.   Ministério da Saúde. Análise da Estratégia Global para Alimentação Saudável, Atividade Física e Saúde. Brasília, abril de 2004. Disponível em <www.saude/alimentacaoenutricao/documentos>. Acesso em 13 de maio de 2005.

4.   IV Diretriz Brasileira de Hipertensão. Hipertensão 2002;5:123-63. Disponível em www.sbh.org.br/documentos/index.asp.

5.   Fuchs FD. Hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Em: Duncan BB, Schmidt MI, Giugliani E, eds. 3a. ed. Medicina Ambulatorial: condutas em atenção primária baseadas em evidências. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2004: 641-56.

 

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